This image shows the large public jail (called gaol in Colonial times) and the public stocks where offenders could be chastised publicly for their offenses.
The description states:
THE PUBLIC GAOL, Williamsburg, Virginia. This building dates from the beginning of the 18th Century and has been restored on original foundations. Referred to in the 18th century as a “strong sweet prison for criminals”.
–The image likely dates from the 1950s.